Orthodontics is a specialty field of dentistry that deals primarily with malpositioned teeth and the jaws: their diagnosis, prevention and correction. Our Orthodontist specialist is dr Roohi Ghazaleh, who graduated in Medical University of Debrecen. After graduation she moved to Budapest and began the three years program of orthodontic residency. You can find more about her here:
How A Kid Decided To Become A Dentist?
Typically Orthodontics treatment can take 1 to 2 years to complete, with braces being altered slightly every 4 weeks by the orthodontist. There are multiple methods depending on the needs of the individual patient. Most orthodontic work is started during the early permanent dentition stage before skeletal growth is completed. If skeletal growth has completed, orthodontic surgery can be an option. Extraction of teeth can be required in some cases to aid the orthodontic treatment.
Before orthodontics treatments it is required to reach a great oral hygiene without any inflamation or cavity.
The treatment outcome for fixed appliances is significantly greater than that of removable appliances as the fixed type produces biomechanics that has greater control of the teeth under treatment: being able to move the teeth in dimensions therefore the subsequent final tooth positions are more ideal.
Fixed orthodontic appliances aid tooth movement, and are used when a 3-D movement of the tooth is required in the mouth and multiple tooth movement is necessary. Ceramic fixed appliances can be used which more closely mimic the tooth color than the metal brackets. Some manufacturers offer self-litigating fixed appliances where the metal wires are held by an integral clip on the bracket themselves.
The surfaces of the teeth are etched, and brackets are attached to the teeth with an adhesive that is durable enough to withstand the orthodontic forces, but is able to be removed at the end of treatment without damaging the tooth.
After orthodontic treatment has completed, there is a tendency for teeth to return, or relapse, back to their pre-treatment positions. To prevent relapse, the majority of patients will be offered a retainer once treatment has completed, and will benefit from wearing their retainers. Retainers can be either fixed or removable.
Diagnosis and treatment planning is a crucial aspect in health care. Based on the patient’s concerns/expectations and the diagnosis made, a list of ‘problems’ can be made. Depending on the problems, it is possible that there may be more than one course of treatment for the patient.
Before creating the most suitable treatment plan, the specialist always takes a panoramic and cephalometric x-ray, and impressions from the upper and lower arches.