Yes everyone has it.
Smaller or larger. Black, brown or yellow. The gums might be bleeding or not because of it, but anyone can have it. We have a few lucky patients who need scaling every 3 years but for the majority it’s required annually, however, there are some who are genetically susceptible to periodontal diseases and inflammation and they need a professional scaling by the dental hygienist half a year.
Calculus or tartar is a form of hardened dental plaque, which is caused by the minerals of saliva. Tartar forms a rough and hardened surface that provides an ideal surface for further plaque formation. Certain habits, smoking, nutrition problems, bad oral hygiene can speed up the process. The calculus is firmly attached to the tooth and it cant be removed with a simple toothbrush, and can only be removed properly by a specialist ( Dentist, Dental hygienist). calculus formation is most abundant on the buccal (cheek) surfaces of the upper posterior teeth and on the lingual (tongue) surfaces of the lower front teeth. These areas experience high salivary flow because of their proximity to salivary glands.
Unfortunately, if they are not removed professionally, they may have more serious consequences not just bad odor and discolored teeth. Periodontitis is a common disease just like caries, almost 100% of people are affected to some extent.
Calculus causes gingival inflammation, the first sign of which is bleeding of the gum, and the subsequent process will cause the tight gum to swell and recess. Unfortunately, the recession of the gum is irreversible, and the last stage is the loss of teeth.
Nowdays we have modern tools available for scaling (calculus removal). The most well known is the ultrasonic depurator, which we also use in our clinic. The ultrasonic depurator does not damage the enamel of the tooth. These scalers work with vibration and they spray cool water, and due to the speed of vibration the plaque and calculus will be dislodged. The procedure can be performed with or without anaesthesia.Some more information. Periodontitis increases the risk of diabetes, heart and circulation porblems and miscarriage. Does it sound scary? Ask our dentists and dental hygienists.